WHICH MATTRESS TO CHOOSE FOR BACK PAIN
A person has three important pillars in life: family, willpower and a healthy spine. We can build up the first two, but the third one is hidden inside of us, and controlling the condition of the pillar of the whole body is sometimes problematic. Often we begin to think about the health of the spine when we hear the first “bells” of its problems.
Causes of the usual crunch in the neck, back pain, numbness of the arm or leg, “shooting through” in the lower back and other unpleasant sensations are in the spine, and in its different parts. At all times, both the rich, who sunk at night in the soft lush featherbeds, and the poor, who slept on stiff benches, back pain in the morning, neck pain, shoulder pain.
The sedentary way of life, lack of physical activity, inadequate night rest make our contemporaries complain of back pain. But the 20th century gave all a great gift – an orthopedic mattress, if you choose the ideal model for themselves, will solve many problems. First of all, an anatomically comfortable bed will be an excellent prevention of spinal disorders. And if they have already appeared, it will help to alleviate the condition and prevent the development of the disease.
General rules for choosing a mattress
The term “orthopedic” has been around for decades. Such a mattress inspires respect and trust, but not every mattress is orthopedic. Unfortunately, there are no standards and evaluation criteria which would allow to determine immediately the presence of anatomical properties and the “degree of orthopedicity” of the product. In addition, the individual characteristics of each person are of great importance, and if there are health problems – you need to take into account the doctor’s recommendations.
Buy orthopedic mattress should only be a bona fide manufacturer, supplying the market products of high quality.
Among the wide variety of models of orthopedic mattresses to choose for themselves the product optimal rigidity, because it depends on her convenience and quality of sleep. There are three levels of hardness:
Some “expert” osteopaths insist that with back pain you should sleep on a hard mattress, or even better on a wide plank. This dangerous misconception will provoke aggravation of the disease, it will not correct posture and will not let you get a proper sleep.
The hard surface doesn’t support the lumbar spine, puts pressure on shoulders and hips, and forces the spine to take unnatural position. The brain, receiving signals of discomfort, gives the command to the muscles to maintain the body in the most correct position. Excessive pressure on the tissues constricts the blood vessels and deprives the internal organs and the brain of the ability to supply oxygen. No one can get a full night’s sleep in such conditions, and the spine gets additional strain.
Moderately firm mattresses are recommended for adolescents with incomplete skeleton formation, people with cervical and pelvic spine pain or those who like to sleep on their stomachs.
A mattress that is too soft is also not able to provide the spine with a comfortable sleeping position, it deflects heavily and a picture similar to the previous description appears. Muscles are strained during sleep and the circulatory system is additionally stressed due to the incorrect positioning of the body.
Soft mattresses are indicated for the elderly, as well as those with vascular disease. Comfortable on a moderately soft product will sleep those who have problems with the lumbar spine and who like to sleep on their side.
This surface allows the mattress to sag under the heavy body parts – shoulders and hips, the body weight is distributed evenly, and the spine is kept in a comfortable, level position. A mattress which follows the anatomic outline of the body is the most suitable for the sufferers of backache. It relieves stress on the problem areas of the spine during sleep, allows the muscular corset to relax without putting pressure on the bloodstream.
It is useful on medium-hard mattresses to sleep those who have diseases of the thoracic spine, as well as supporters of sleeping on the back.
In addition to supporting the body and ensuring comfortable sleep, a high-quality orthopedic mattress has a beneficial effect on the nervous, cardiovascular, and endocrine systems, and increases immunity.
The most common causes of back pain
It is difficult to find an adult who has not had osteochondrosis, both young people and the elderly suffer from it. The cause of 80% of all kinds of back pain is this insidious disease. With a frivolous attitude to the disease symptoms can be very serious, 10% of patients are sent to the operating table, all the rest require treatment.
During osteochondrosis the intervertebral discs stop functioning normally, then the vertebral bodies, ligaments, and joints become deformed. Degenerative disc changes can occur in any part of the spinal column. Since the cervical and thoracic areas are exposed to the highest stress, they suffer first and foremost. In third place in terms of prevalence is the lumbar spine.
Part of the discomfort that is characteristic of osteochondrosis is eliminated or alleviated if a person chooses the correct orthopedic mattress. With his support will be reduced shooting, nagging pain after daytime physical activity, symptoms are reduced neurological – muscle tension in the affected department, the tingling or aching, impaired freedom of movement.
Orthopedists believe that the best option in the presence of osteochondrosis will be a mattress with a block of independent springs of medium hardness, supplemented by a layer of foam memoriform. The greater the weight of the person, the greater the number of springs should be per 1 sq.m.
If the weight of the future owner is less than 90 kg, 256 pcs. per 1 sq. m. is enough. For example, as in the mattresses PROSON START FIRST M, ASKONA BALANCE FORMA, PROMTEX-ORIENT SOFT STANDART SIDE and others.
At the weight from 90 to 120 kg it is better to buy a mattress with 550 springs per 1 sq.m. The mattress will not allow a shift of the vertebrae during sleep and will relieve discomfort.
With more serious lesions or trauma in the intervertebral space is formed hernia. This is caused by a part of the disc between the vertebrae that has left its proper physiological position. It squeezes the nerve endings, of which there are many in the spine. A person experiences a lot of pain.
Suffering from such a disease, before buying an anatomical mattress, it is necessary to consult with an orthopedist. It is important to consider the localization of the hernia and ensure the body position without bending during sleep. The right orthopedic mattress will provide support for the pelvis, limbs, neck and head, and distribute the weight of the body in the right order. Disks will not shift during sleep and pain syndrome will be eliminated.
With herniated spine recommended non-rigid mattresses with elastic supportive effect. Do not use pressed products, with springs of the old type or dependent blocks such as Bonnell.
Back pain provokes other problems of the musculoskeletal system. They must be taken into account when choosing a new mattress.
What mattress to choose for back pain of different nature
Causes of pain are different, and recommendations for selecting a mattress differ from each other as well. Carefully consider the problem of the spine and the cause of discomfort, visit a doctor with an appropriate profile, preferably an MRI of the problem area and the entire spine. Based on the diagnosis and prescriptions, choose a mattress.
With osteochondrosis – requires a mattress of medium hardness with an independent spring block. Products made of natural latex, natural latex plus a layer of coconut coir will do. A good sleeping place will be a bed equipped with a frameless mattress with memory foam (memorix) and foam, plus a layer of natural material – coconut coir;
Intervertebral hernia – an anatomic mattress with a block of independent springs coated with Memoryx foam is desirable. It well relieves muscle tone, supports the correct shape of the spine;
Sciatic nerve entrapment (sciatica) causes severe pain in the lumbosacral spine, which radiates to the extremities and extends to the entire back. People who suffer from such attacks are advised to sleep on a mattress with medium or low firmness. A moderately soft product made of latex or memorix foam will take the shape of the body, eliminate muscle tension, and soothe pain;
radiculitis or radiculopathy caused by pinching of nerve roots in the lower part of the spine. The lumbar area hurts, movements are difficult, and the sensitivity of nearby tissues is impaired. To alleviate this condition a mattress with independent springs is suitable, and with a high density of springs per 1 sq.m. Point support will be very useful for sciatica;
scoliosis or curvature of the spine can be corrected with a hard or medium-hard mattress. The best sleeper would be a bed of a plate of coconut coir placed on a base of natural or artificial latex;
Arthritis – a disease of the joints, which include the vertebrae. A mattress with a high density “multipacket” type independent spring block with 1000 springs per bed or “micropacket” with 2000 springs per bed will ease the condition of the sick person.
Doctors recommend that people who have been injured or are recovering from spinal surgery sleep on a hard coir mattress, which facilitates rapid recovery and rehabilitation.